Ductless vs. Ducted Vary Hoods

Vary hoods use followers to attract up grease and steam, together with meals odors and extra warmth, however not all hoods carry out the duty equally effectively. The distinction between common and efficient largely will depend on the kind of air flow obtainable: ductless or ducted.

  • Ductless fashions don’t vent to the surface of your own home. The fan on a ductless vary hood attracts in air and circulates it by way of a charcoal filter, which traps grease and a few odors, nevertheless it’s often not as efficient as an exterior-vented mannequin. The cheaper of the 2 kinds, ductless vary hoods can price as little as $50, and go up from there to a number of hundred {dollars}.
  • Ducted vary hoods are more practical than their ductless counterparts, they usually, too, have a large value vary. Ducted vary hoods attract cooking air, then whisk it exterior your private home through a wall vent or upward by way of the ceiling joists and roof. More affordable options begin below $100, however owners who need a high-efficiency or designer ducted hood may pay effectively over $1,000.

The choice for ductless or ducted additionally applies to the favored and space-efficient microwave-hood combos. Owners looking for a brand new mixture unit typically (mistakenly) focus totally on the options provided by the microwave. However it’s additionally essential to weigh a unit’s air flow capabilities to ensure you’re deciding on one which’s sufficiently efficient and environment friendly in your wants.



My vary hood didn’t include directions. We dont know how one can set up it

In case your vary hood didn’t include directions, name the producer and ask for directions or examine their web site. You can too try this video on how one can set up a spread hood.

We’ve many educational movies that you’ll find here. If these don’t enable you out, try our installation guide.

8. Are the ductwork connections prepared too?

Your contractor must know what kind of vary hood you are attending to prep the connections correctly.

For instance, in case you’re venting to the surface wall, you will want a wall cap. Should you’re venting to the roof, you will want a roof cap.

You would possibly require an adapter to suit the vary hood opening to the ductwork. Do you’ve gotten 6-inch, 7-inch, 8-inch, or 10-inch duct? (The usual measurement is 7 inches, however a spread of diameters is feasible.) Some vary hoods include spherical connections; different ones have rectangular connections. Examine the opening of the ductwork with the duct opening of the vary hood.

A damper is one other potential part you would possibly want in case you’re venting to the outside of your private home and need to cease exterior air from getting in. If you flip in your hood, the damper will open to set free the air; once you flip it off, the damper closes and seals. You may have one inside and out of doors, or one at each spots.

Some hoods have two discharge places.

The ethical of the story is: Keep in good communication along with your contractor and HVAC installer.

Professional Tip: Present to your contractor the specs and set up doc of your vary hood. Producers record elements, adapters, and kits provided with the product.

Part 3 – Location Help

Set up Peak

There are a number of elements that have an effect on how excessive a spread hood needs to be put in above the cooking floor. At first, try the vary hood producer’s suggestions. Typical vary hoods are put in within the 26-to-30 inch vary above the cooktop, though this will fluctuate from a low of 18 to a excessive of 36 inches.

For greatest efficiency, Futuro Futuro recommends putting in our vary hoods at 26 to twenty-eight inches above the cooktop. Because the air polluted from cooking doesn’t rise in a wonderfully straight line, however spreads out somewhat aggressively, it’s a good suggestion to place the vary hood low sufficient to present it likelihood to seize the smoke/steam.

Additionally, it’s beneficial to place the vary hood at a top the place the lights will likely be under eye stage, which additionally retains the management panel inside simple attain and makes cleansing simpler.

Correct Help

Probably the most harmful issues with vary hood set up is attaching the unit to sheet-rock alone. Whatever the weight, any vary hood needs to be connected to structural beams or joists, with the intention to present correct long-term assist. If there isn’t a beam/joist on the supposed vary hood location, a cross-brace constructed from 2×4’s, 3/4-inch plywood, or different sturdy materials, is an appropriate substitute.

If a spread hood is connected to sheetrock, it could initially seem like secure, however over time, because it’s getting used, the sheetrock anchors will loosen. Ensure that your installer attaches the vary hood the correct manner from the beginning.

Wall-Mount Hoods – Further Issues

Vary hoods ought to all the time be put in over a backsplash. Don’t lower or body a hood right into a backsplash, for a number of causes:

  • It’s a trouble to chop the stone or tiles across the hood, particularly if curved or uncommon form.
  • Seen grout traces by no means look good.
  • If upkeep or service is required sooner or later, the hood must be lower out from the grout earlier than the technical can carry out service.
  • Greater threat of injury (dents or scratches) to the vary hood.

There needs to be an area between cupboard partitions and the vary hood. Some architects and designers present solely sufficient area between the cupboards to accommodate the precise width of the hood. This can be a unhealthy concept for a number of causes:

  • Lack of area makes set up harder.
  • Any miscalculation could consequence within the hood not becoming into the area in any respect.
  • If cupboards develop or shift over time, they might crush the hood, inflicting chrome steel to bulge, or in case of hoods geared up with a glass panel, the glass could crack.
  • The confined crevices will accumulate filth & grease, and make cleansing harder.

To keep away from all these points, go away an area of no less than 1/2 inch between the sting of the wall-mount vary hood and the cabinetry.


You want the correct air flow in your kitchen to perform easily and be satisfying to prepare dinner in. However we discover that air flow is usually an afterthought. And shopping for the correct vary hood and blower and configuring your ductwork correctly truly requires cautious consideration.

Nevertheless, it is exhausting to know all the main points once you purchase. That is why it is so essential to double-check them earlier than set up day arrives.

After you’ve got gone by way of all these questions and adopted up on any you do not know the solutions to along with your contractor, you will be prepared for a easy set up.

Creator Metin Ozkuzey Because the president of Designer Home equipment, Metin Ozkuzey was impressed to start out this weblog after noticing that almost all of his clients are overwhelmed by decisions.

Set up a Vary Hood Vent By means of Ceiling

By following down steps, you’ll be able to set up a spread hood like knowledgeable.

Separate it’s all items

To make the entire course of simpler, it’s important to detach all of its elements to hold and set up a hood simply. The elements you to detach are the fan, filter, lights, and electrical housing. After disconnecting, you have to guarantee to maintain all of these items in a protected place to stop any harm.

Define the ceilingNow subsequent step is to stipulate the place it’s important to match the vary hood vent. Take measure tape and measure the dimensions of the duct—Mark exact factors with a marker. Now put up the vary hood vent to examine the dimensions.

Electrical Drilling

After marking, the foremost step is to make holes with {an electrical} driller. Should make holes precisely, right here in case you made any mistake, there can be no answer for this error, and vary hood will fell. Make two extra holes for passing wires.

Use a reciprocating noticed to chop the holes from one level to a different.

Make a gap on the roof

After making holes with {the electrical} driller, the subsequent step is to make a gap on the roof to see the roof’s vary hood vents. It’s important to select the precise and nearest location to the vary hood vent to make holes on this step. Now take the cutter to make the outlet.

Repair the indifferent elements

On this step, you want somebody to assist carry the cable clamp to put in the wire fastidiously. Now put all elements in its precise place. After fixing, the subsequent step is the mounting of a spread hood.

Mounting of vary hood

Now the first step for which you made this entire effort is putting in a venting vary hood. Cross the higher half from the holes and match it there. To forestall any hazard, be sure all elements are mounted appropriately. One tip is don’t wrap this duct with any wrap and allow them to transfer to make its place by itself.

  • Vent cap over the duct: To forestall passing any particles, it’s important to place a vent cap over the chimney with roofing tar to successfully seal the elements. Be taught repairing chimney cap.
  • Closing step: now, the final step is to see all elements are connected appropriately? If the fan is indifferent, then join it with precise connecting wires. Now flip the vary hood on.

Vary Hood Set up Issues

Should you’re a useful do-it-yourselfer, it’s comparatively easy to modify out an present vary hood with a more moderen mannequin. Shifting a spread hood’s location throughout a kitchen renovation or putting in one for the primary time, nevertheless, would require some lodging.


The usual width of a spread hood is 30 inches (matching the width of an ordinary vary), though wider wall-mounted and suspended island fashions are additionally obtainable for customized kitchen designs.


For microwave-hood combos, the underside of the cupboard above the vary needs to be no less than 30 inches above the cooking floor to go away room for the set up. Thankfully, many contractors set up this cabinet configuration in new houses for simply that purpose. The 30-inch distance can also be the popular upper-cabinet top for a spread hood and not using a microwave, though particular person fashions could have completely different necessities; when you’ve picked a keeper, learn and comply with the producer’s beneficial top specs.

Energy provide:

Should you’ve chosen a mix mannequin, you have to have {an electrical} outlet within the cupboard above the unit with the intention to energy the fan motor and microwave. Whereas it’s not required by constructing code, many new-home contractors will go forward and set up that designated outlet on a separate 15 or 20 amp circuit with sufficient juice to run a microwave. Should you’re putting in a hood for the primary time and there’s no close by outlet, an electrician should set up one close to the placement earlier than you’ll be able to proceed. The specs in your unit will point out its energy wants. Not all easy vary hoods draw sufficient energy to necessitate a delegated outlet, however microwave-hood combos ought to have their very own circuit.



Each single hoods and microwave-hood mixture items include templates that mark precisely the place to predrill or lower holes for screws, an influence provide, and vent. The template can even present you the place to connect the bracket that helps a hood combo on an exterior wall. In case you are putting in an outside-venting vary hood, however you’re not mounting it on an exterior wall, the mannequin you choose ought to have the choice of upward venting, as you’ll should run the ducting by way of the ceiling.

Photo: istockphoto.com

Photograph: istockphoto.com

Steps for Putting in a Vary Vent Hood

  1. Use a 6-inch-diameter gap noticed to chop a gap by way of the inside wall floor, immediately above the vary. Acquire the mud with moist/dry vacuum whereas chopping the outlet.
  2. If the outlet noticed cannot lower by way of the inside wall in a single move, cease chopping, take away the plaster from the outlet, and proceed drilling.
  3. If vital, use a multi-tool to chop wooden lath from the 6-inch gap.
  4. Change the outlet noticed with a ¼-inch-diameter bit and drill by way of the bottom of the wall sheathing to the outside.
  5. From exterior, use the 6-inch gap noticed to chop by way of the siding and wall sheathing.
  6. Make a mounting plate by chopping 6-inch-diameter gap by way of a chunk of PVC trim.
  7. Maintain the PVC plate in opposition to the home siding, and hint round it with a pencil.
  8. Use an angle grinder to chop the siding alongside the pencil traces.
  9. Apply bead of silicone adhesive across the gap in wall. Press the PVC mounting plate tight to the wall, and safe with screws.
  10. Use duct tape to connect a 6-inch-diameter elbow to the vent cap.
  11. From exterior, slide the vent cap into the outlet and safe it to the mounting plate with self-tapping screws.
  12. From contained in the kitchen, slide an elbow by way of gap and onto vent cap elbow. Safe with duct tape.
  13. Screw the vent-hood mounting brackets to kitchen wall; you’ll want to drive the screws into wall studs.
  14. Slide the vent hood into the brackets and safe with screws pushed into wall studs.
  15. Make {the electrical} connections to supply energy to the vent hood’s gentle and exhaust fan.
  16. Set up the vertical cowl to hide the uncovered ductwork.

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