Basics of Indoor Barn Door Installation

An indoor barn door slides on a metal track that is installed over the top of the door frame. Hangers with wheels are attached to the top of the barn door, and these hangers rest on top of the metal track.

Indoor barn doors can be installed singly or in pairs. A single barn door will cover one doorway, and the door slides to either the left or right side when open (a side must be chosen prior to installation). Single doorways tend to measure between 36 inches and 42 inches. A pair of barn doors will cover a space of about 84 inches wide, and the two doors slide outward in opposite directions when open.

With either installation type, there must be enough wall space to the side to accommodate the door when it is in an open position.

Video

Tracks And Hardware For All Tastes

Sliding-door hardware has its origins in rustic architecture, but high-style, ultramodern hardware is also available. Hiding the track with a valance also can change the look or help a new sliding door to fit in with existing decor.

Hidden

Unobtrusive

Ultramodern

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Locate The Hardware

Stand up the door. First, cut the door to length so that it’s 1⁄4 in. below the track and 1⁄2 in. above the finished floor. Next, shim it plumb, and place the rollers on the track. Center the mounting brackets in the door’s stiles, and trace the screw holes for drilling.

Steps for installing a sliding barn door:

  1. The door in the kit comes untreated, so start by applying a desired stain/finish to the door with a rag.
  2. Attach the mounting board over the opening with 4 inch structural screws. Keep a level on the board and loosely screw the board in until it’s roughly in the right place. Once the board is mostly attached to the wall and level, secure all the screws.
  3. Attach the mounting hardware to the mounting board. Again, only secure the bolts loosely until the entire rail has been attached. Then secure them all with a wrench.
  4. Slide the stops onto the mounting hardware. This will ensure the door doesn’t slide off the rail.
  5. Attach the door hardware to the door and hang it in place on the rail.
  6. With the door in position, put the floor guide in the correct position on the floor to help guide the door from the bottom. Mark its location with a pencil.
  7. Remove the door and secure the floor guide to the floor with the drill and some screws.
  8. Rehang the door. With it in the correct position, make sure it’s perfectly over the floor guide.
  9. Add the anti-jump blocks that come with the kit onto the railing to prevent the door from sliding off the rail.

Maintenance Cleaning

Interior sliding barn doors require very little maintenance – just a light cleaning with household supplies. To clean your door of dust and debris, use a soft, clean cloth (preferably microfiber) with water or a mild cleaning product like glass cleaner. Wipe down the face of the door as well as the top of the door. You can also clean the track, which is prone to collect dust due to its layout and location.

For glass or whiteboard doors, you can clean those surfaces with a glass cleaner and a clean cloth.

Do sliding barn doors work in your home?

You should always take into consideration your home style before embarking on any home renovation project. Traditional barn doors can look great in a farmhouse style, coastal, or even traditional home. However, if you install them in a mid-century or modern home, they will look seriously out of place. There are also lots of different types of sliding barn doors offering a different look. For example, a more minimalist home might benefit from metal French-style sliding barn doors, while a modern home would be better suited with a more streamlined metal.

When to Install a Barn Door Indoors

Being an indoor project, a barn door can be installed at any time of year. Because the door trim can interfere with the barn door track, it is helpful if the door is installed before the trim is installed. Install the floor covering before the indoor barn door since a floor guide must be screwed on top of the floor covering.

The 8 Best Barn Doors of 2022 That Slide With Style

What you need

Tools
Materials

Installation Steps

1. Door Assembly

Most sliding barn doors come pre-assembled, but there are instances where they may not (like if you order an unfinished door). Board and batten doors are a type of sliding barn door that frequently arrive in pieces and need assembly. White Shanty board and batten doors are grooved for easy installation, and have specific instructions for assembly.

If you have an unfinished door that you plan on finishing, you should do this before the door is assembled, or before you mount hardware and install the door.

2. Install Rollers On Door

The first step in sliding barn door installation is mounting the rollers to the door. This process is different depending on whether you have face mount or top mount roller hardware.

Face Mount Rollers

Face mount rollers have a strap that extends down and mounts to the front of the door. White Shanty doors will have two rollers on each door, and each roller is secured by two lag bolts. You will need to measure and drill holes for the lag bolts.

First, measure 2-½” in from the side of the door and lightly draw a vertical line with a pencil. This is the centerline for the two bolt holes. It’s helpful to use an L-square to make sure your line is parallel with the edge of the door.

Next, determine the vertical position of the bolt holes. Position the roller strap on the door so that the holes in the roller strap are centered over the centerline you just drew. Slide the roller strap so that there is a 2-½” gap between the top of the door and the bottom of the roller wheel. When the roller strap is correctly positioned, use a pencil to mark the two bolt holes on the centerline.

 Repeat this process on the other side of the door (left or right depending which side you started on). Once you have marked all four bolt holes, and double checked your measurements, use a ⅜” drill bit to drill through the door. Now you can use the included hex bolts, washers and nuts to bolt the roller strap to the door.

Top Mount Rollers

With top mount rollers, the roller strap is bent 90 degrees to mount to the top of the door. First, measure 2-½” in from the edge of the door and lightly mark it with a pencil. This is where the top roller mount will be centered. Next, find the center of the roller mount and mark it with a pencil too. If the roller mount is 3” wide, the center point will be 1-½” from either side.

Position the top roller mount on the top of the door and align the two marks you made. Ensure the roller mount is aligned horizontally and equal distance from the front and back of the door. Once the mount is positioned correctly, use a pencil to mark the bolt holes. Repeat this process for the other (left or right) side of the door.

 

Once you’ve marked your bolt holes, use a 3/16” drill bit to drill holes that are 2-½” deep. Now you can use the included lag bolts to attach the roller mounts to the top of the door.

3. Installing The Wall Track

To install the wall track, you will first need to drill holes in the track itself for the lag bolts that will mount the track to the wall. The lag bolts should be an equal distance apart to distribute the weight of the door. The number of bolts, as well as distance and placement will depend on the length of the track, which varies based on your door configuration.

Depending on the length of the track, it may be shipped in two sections, which you will need to connect using the included track coupler. Position the track coupler and use a ⅜” drill bit to drill holes for the cap screws and nuts.

You will also need to measure for the door stops, which prevent the door from sliding off the end of the track. These should be placed 2” in from the end of the track, on each side.

Once you have determined the placement of the holes for both the door stops and the lag bolts, use a ⅜” drill bit to drill the holes. Now you can mount the door stops using the included cap screws, washers and nuts.

Next you will need to determine the height at which to mount the track. This will need to be measured in the field. Generally speaking, to ensure ½” of ground clearance, the track should be installed so that the center of the track is on a level line that is equal to the height of the door plus 2-½”. You will also need to position the track horizontally so that the closed door fully covers the door opening.

Most importantly, the track needs to be mounted securely, and the lag bolts must be secured into wall studs. When mounting the track, secure it to the wall by using the included lag bolts and spacers.

4. Hanging The Door

Sliding barn doors are heavy and bulky, and you will need help to hang one. Together, grab the side of the door, lift it, and position the rollers on the track.

5. Guide And Anti Jump Lock

Once the door is hung, you can install the guides and jump locks. The jump locks bolt to the top of the door and prevent the door from jumping up and coming off the track. Position the jump locks on the top edge of the door so the top of the jump lock is ⅛” below the bottom of the track, and secure them using the included wood screws.

There are two types of door guides: U-shaped and LThere are two types of door guides: U-shaped and L-shaped. Both serve the same purpose, which is to ensure the door can only move left and right on the track, and prevent forward and backward movement.

U-shaped guides come in 2 pieces and have a vertical piece on each side of the door. To mount these, position them on the floor and slide the door between them to ensure a close fit without any rubbing. The door’s natural hanging position will dictate placement of the stops.

Mark the position, move the door out of the way and attach them to the floor using an appropriate fastener (these are not included due to the wide variety of floor materials).

L-shaped floor guides use a spine that fits inside a groove along the bottom of the door, and are effectively hidden from view. To install these, position them on the floor and slide the door over to ensure correct placement.

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