Content of the material
- Brick Driveway Cost by Project Range
- 4. Add a Layer of Sand
- 6. Add More Pavers to Form Your Chosen Pattern
- Maintenance and Repair
- Steps on How to Install a Permeable Paver Driveway
- 1. Test the Soil and Excavate
- 2. Prepare the Stone Base Layers
- 3. Screed the Bedding Layer
- 4. Place the Layers
- 5. Fill the Joints
- 6. Tamp
- Brick Driveway Cost by Size
- Brick Paver Installation
- How To Lay Patio Pavers On Dirt
Brick Driveway Cost by Project Range
12’ x 24’ single-car driveway with non-dented pavers in an offset pattern
24’ x 24’ double driveway with molder pavers in a herringbone pattern
High $25,000 24’ x 36’ heated triple driveway with a circular fully interlocked pattern
4. Add a Layer of Sand
Pour 2 inches of sand on top of the gravel layer. Tamp and level this layer using your tamper until the sand is firm. Lightly sprinkle the area using a garden hose to allow the material to settle completely.
6. Add More Pavers to Form Your Chosen Pattern
Continue laying additional rows in this same manner. The pattern that you choose is up to you, but it helps to lay out a few pavers in a complete pattern on the driveway so you can refer to it as you create your pattern on the sand. If you need to cut pavers to fit a curve or to fit into your pattern, cut them using a hand-held saw with a diamond blade.
Maintenance and Repair
Clay pavers will gradually weather over time under the influence of moisture and ultraviolet rays from the sun. Proper maintenance can greatly extend the life of your driveway to 25 years or more.
A brick paver driveway should be washed once or twice a year with a pressure washer. Make sure to remove weeds and dirt from between bricks. After the surface dries for a day or two, pack the joints with fresh sand if it is a loose-fit surface. If the pavers are mortared, repair any cracks with fresh mortar and let dry fully.
To ensure a long life, the bricks should be sealed after each washing. If left unsealed, clay brick can begin to flake and peel over time. A sealer can be applied with a good pump sprayer or can be rolled or brushed over the surface. Seal the sand joints as well as the surface of the brick, as this will help solidify the sand and prevent weeds and moss from appearing in the joints.
When sealing a paver driveway, use a product designed for clay brick, such as a siloxane-based sealer, which will protect without changing the appearance of the brick. Avoid gloss-finish sealers, which often result in a splotchy surface. There are, however, "wet look" sealers that look shiny without actually producing a gloss.
Steps on How to Install a Permeable Paver Driveway
1. Test the Soil and Excavate
First, call 811 for an underground utilities check. Next, do a percolation test to see how fast the soil absorbs water. (Contact your local Cooperative Extension office for details.) Remove the existing pavement, and dig to a minimum depth of 15 inches, unless the perc rate is less than 0.52 inches per hour. In that case, you may need a deeper base or drainage pipe.
2. Prepare the Stone Base Layers
Cover the excavation with a 6-inch layer of ¾- to 2-inch washed crushed stone, which has sharp edges that knit together. (River gravel, with its rounded profile, is unacceptable.) Go over it twice with a plate compactor, across and lengthwise. Top with one 4-inch layer of ¼- to 1½-inch washed crushed stone, and compact that twice, too.
3. Screed the Bedding Layer
Install a concrete or hard-plastic edging to keep the pavers from shifting. Then, starting from one corner, lay two 2-inch-diameter steel pipes about 6 feet apart and parallel on the compacted base. Cover them with ¼-inch stone, then pull a 2×4 screed board over the pipes to create a flat bed for setting the pavers. Lift out the pipes, fill the gaps, and repeat across the remaining area.5.
4. Place the Layers
Starting at the lowest corner, set the pavers on the bedding layer, tight to the edging and one another. (Nibs on the sides of the pavers automatically create the drainage gaps.) Check every 6 to 10 feet to make sure the pavers are square to the first row. Place all the full-size pieces, then go back and cut pieces to fit in any gaps along the edges.
5. Fill the Joints
Once the pavers are in, sprinkle ¼-inch stone, the same used in Step 3, on the surface, and sweep it into the gaps with a wide push broom. Push the broom diagonally across the grid so that you don’t dislodge any stones already in the joints.
Sweep the surface clean, then run a plate compactor diagonally over the entire driveway. The machine’s vibrations pack the pavers firmly into the bedding layer and lock them in place. Refill joints that have settled deeply, and compact again. Now your driveway is open for business, rain or shine.
Brick Driveway Cost by Size
Your driveway’s size is a large cost factor. Larger areas require more material and labor and have higher costs than smaller ones. Driveways with curves, hills, or other difficult features also have higher costs. Below are the average cost ranges for common sizes:
|Size||Average Cost (Labor Included)|
|Single Stall (10’ x 20’)||$2,000 – $6,000|
|Single (12’ x 24’)||$2,880 – $8,640|
|Double Stall (20’ x 20’)||$4,000 – $12,000|
|Double (24’ x 24’)||$5,760 – $17,280|
|Triple (24’ x 36’)||$8,640 – $25,920|
A small brick driveway could be a single stall or a single driveway and ranges from $2,000 to $8,640. When you want plenty of space to house a single vehicle, a single or single stall’s size ranges from 10’ to 24’. For a small, single vehicle, a single stall has the needed room. However, if you have a large SUV or another vehicle, this is the better option. This makes it large enough for your needs without taking up additional space. If your home uses one to two cars, this is a good driveway size to meet your needs. However, it may be too small for those with additional cars or large vehicles.
Paving a medium-sized driveway ranges from $4,000 to $17,280. You can choose from a double driveway or a double stall based on your specific needs. A double stall measures 20’ x 20’, while a double one is slightly larger at 24’ x 24’. Two vehicles fit in these but make sure to consider the size. For two smaller vehicles, a double stall is enough room. However, a double driveway is the better option for SUVs, RVs, or other large vehicles.
A long or triple driveway costs about $8,640 to $25,920 for materials and installation. A long driveway creates a luxurious feel and adds to the visual appeal of the property. These are 24’ x 36’ and work well for people with three or more RVs, trucks, cars, or SUVs. For a larger, longer driveway such as this, it is important to choose the most durable pavers to accommodate the heavy weight of several vehicles.
Brick Paver Installation
Brick pavers can be set in a base of either paver sand or mortar. As with any driveway material, the key to a good brick paver surface is a well-prepared base—especially when paving a driveway that must support a lot of weight. Outline the area you intend to pave using layout strings, then remove the soil (or the existing paving) to a depth of at least 12 inches. Add 8 to 12 inches of gravel to the excavated area, compacting the gravel periodically as you add layers. Compacting the gravel again after each 2 to 4 inch layer is added. Then add a 1 1/2-inch layer of sand and level it. When the base is ready, start laying bricks in whatever pattern you like.
Installation usually begins with the perimeter bricks, which are sometimes set in concrete to establish a solid edging that will hold the field bricks in place. As the field bricks are installed, they are periodically flattened and "set" by pounding with a mallet. Bricks can be cut individually, but it can be much quicker to trim the edges all at once with a handheld circular saw or rented wet saw fitted with a diamond blade.
Upon completion, the brick surface is flattened and leveled with a heavy roller, then the cracks between bricks are filled with loose sand or mortar. Sand-setting is an increasingly preferred method for environmental reasons since it allows rainwater to seep through into the ground.
How To Lay Patio Pavers On Dirt
Installing pavers over dirt requires extra care because clay soils absorb and retain water. Wet clay soils can shift and disrupt the pavers above it. When laying patio covers on dirt you must, therefore, have base depths of up to 12 inches and a protective layer of clay for rainy climates.
In dry climatic areas where shifting soils is not an issue, the 60mm pavers with a 4 to the 6-inch base are a possibility. However, climatic change is happening globally so it is safer to use a thick base that will work come rain or shine.
1. Flat shovel 2. Wheelbarrow 3. Garden hose with fine spray nozzle 4. Hard garden rake 5. Broad-blade chisel, brick splitter or masonry saw for cutting and fitting the brick (the last two are readily available for rent at your local rental store or brick distributor) 6. Carpenter’s level 7. Wood "screed" strip- a 2 x 4, at least 3′ long (used to create a uniform sand bed depth) 8.Electric drill and appropriate size bit (for wood edging only) 9. Trowel 10. Broom 11. Plate compactor (rented)